Conventional Rehabilitative / Therapeutic Treatment Methodologies

Rehabilitative Therapy

In most instances, regardless of the neuro-musculoskeletal pathology or functional maladaption, it is common to employ some form of rehabilitative therapy to retrain or regain optimal neuro-musculoskeletal function to increase strength and flexibility at the joints.

The importance of maintaining muscle function and mobility is abundantly documented and the use of exercise/mobility regimes have become the norm. For example, ten years ago, following reconstructive knee surgery, the leg would have been put in a cast for six weeks. These days, a mobility splint would be employed and progressive movement of the knee would begin within a week to ten days after surgery. Mobility enhances adaptive healthy function by aiding in the healing process and reducing the formation of scar tissue/fibrosis.

According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, exercise that promotes muscle strengthening and joint mobility is fundamental to optimal musculoskeletal health and is the primary recommended treatment for arthritic muscle and joint pain.

Furthermore, it has long been understood that muscle atrophy, loss of bone mass (weakening) and joint stiffness along with increased dependence on the artificial support or brace (maladaptive function) results from long-term support or bracing of the neuro-musculoskeletal structure.


Exercise regimes are usually employed to rehabilitate or improve maladapted neuro-musculoskeletal function. The use of proper technique is fundamental to the effectiveness of rehabilitative exercise programs. “Technique” training involves proprioceptive training. This conditioning concept is the foundation of most modern sports training and conditioning. That is, employing proper technique is fundamental for conditioning optimal “healthy” neuro-musculoskeletal function and promotes minimal degenerative stress, reduces risk of injury, and enhances performance capabilities. Conversely, employing poor technique conditions sub-optimal neuro-musculoskeletal function, enhances maladaptation, increases degenerative stress and risk of injury, and hampers performance capabilities. In short, the structure becomes weaker and less mechanically sound.

In addition to exercise regimes, a variety of methods are commonly employed to increase mobility and address scar tissue/fibrosis, increase strength, and improve muscle function such as ultrasound, deep tissue massage, Active Release Technique, Graston Technique, and other treatments.

BioPodsTM - The Rehabilitative Alternative

The Protective Reflex Mechanisms of the Lower Limbs

Neuromuscular protective reflex mechanisms are responsible for bone alignment and muscular stabilization throughout the feet, legs, hips, and back, which is required to safely manage the stresses and forces generated from all types of activity. In an unrestrictive environment, ideal alignment promotes a balance of strength and flexibility, which effectively reduces the stress and strain throughout.

Proprioceptive and reflex function throughout the feet, legs, hips, and back is synergistic; what affects one area has a corresponding effect on the other areas. When the neuromuscular functional mechanics adapt or maladapt through repetition and become reflexive, all areas are equally affected.

Effects of Conventional Footwear

Almost all conventional footwear interferes with healthy natural foot function to some degree. This is particularly true of shoes that restrict the raising of the toes and arches, provide extra "support and cushioning,” or incorporate excessive motion-control features. Over time, the feet maladapt as they conform to these restrictive and less stimulating footwear environments. This maladaptation is a leading cause of most foot-related problems.

BioPods Insoles and Footwear Stimulate to Strengthen and Revitalize

BioPods insoles and footwear are designed to encourage healthy protective reflex function and work in harmony with the natural dynamic movement of the feet rather than attempt to artificially support, cushion, control, or restrict. When using BioPods insoles and footwear, your shoes should be loosely laced to allow room for adequate foot flexion.

BioPods insoles and footwear provide a safe “spring-like” variable stimulus under the center of your arches that continually engages and optimizes your body’s protective reflexes in the feet, legs, hips and back when walking, running, or other weight-bearing movement.

Regular variable stimulus challenges the body's natural proprioceptive and protective reflex mechanisms and causes them to adapt towards healthier function. Even though the stimulus is at the sole of the foot, it affects proprioceptive and reflex function in the feet, legs, hips, and back.

Soft Tissue Adaptation Phase

When using BioPods insoles and footwear for the first time, the body's neuromuscular systems will undergo a soft tissue adaptation phase as the feet, legs, hips, and back respond to the BioPods stimulus. As with any neuromuscular muscle training, the soft tissue adaptation phase takes approximately 6-8 weeks for most individuals, but can take longer for those sufferers noted below. During this period, it is normal to experience transitory twinges or tightness in various areas at different times. It is during this period that latent historical scar tissue or fibrosis may become noticeable in the form of soreness. Seek advice from medical professionals who specialize in soft tissue mobilization, as noted below, if soreness persists.

Please Note:

BioPods insoles and footwear do not treat already damaged tissue, such as scar tissue or fibrosis that has been caused by trauma or maladaptation related degenerative stresses from poor foot mechanics and function. Damaged tissues can be treated by a medical professional with complementary conventional mobilization therapies such as ultrasound, deep tissue massage, A.R.T. (Active Release Technique), or Graston Technique, as appropriate.

RECOMMENDATION for sufferers of chronic myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, plantar fibrosis, or multiple trigger points:

It may take longer to adapt to the BioPods’ stimulus. It is possible that enough inelastic scar tissue or fibrosis has developed to cause transient pain or “sticking points” that will reveal themselves during the Soft Tissue Adjustment Phase. In these instances, a medical professional can apply a regime of complementary soft tissue mobilization therapies such as ultrasound, deep tissue massage, A.R.T. (Active Release Technique), Graston Technique, etc., to break down the scar tissue or fibrosis and restore elasticity to the soft tissues for full mobility.