Symptoms of lower back pain include pain that may manifest when moving, sitting, or lying down. Pain may be localized or across a larger area and may be a dull ache or severe, making walking difficult or even intolerable.
Lower back pain can begin at the various discs of the spine, joints, the surrounding soft tissue and related muscles.
What causes lower back pain?
In addition to trauma, lower back pain results from acute or chronic maladapted neuromuscular function.
Acute functional problems occur when the body is pushed beyond its everyday functional capabilities.
Chronic functional problems occur gradually, when everyday activities don’t promote healthy function. Usually, these problems don’t cause pain or discomfort until the stress-related tissue damage builds to the point that it impedes movement.
In either case, most lower back-related functional problems occur because of poor or maladapted neuromuscular function in the feet, legs, and hips.
There is a direct biomechanical relationship between foot function and how the legs and hips function.
An unstable foot, with a poorly functioning arch system, will result in poor bone alignment and imbalanced muscle use throughout the legs and hips. Over time, this maladapted foot, leg, and hip neuromuscular function becomes the norm and is a significant contributing cause of virtually all nontraumatic lower back pain.