Lower Back Pain

Symptoms of Lower Back Pain include pain that manifests when moving, sitting, or lying down.

Pain may be localized or across a larger area and may be a dull ache or severe, making walking difficult or even intolerable. Lower back pain can begin at the various discs of the spine, joints, the surrounding soft tissue, and related muscles.

 Symptoms       Causes        Solutions

Dr. Sam Dubé discusses lower back pain

Learn about the symptoms, causes, and benefits of different treatment options.


 What causes lower back pain?

In addition to trauma, the most common cause of lower back pain is poor lower limb mechanics, which predispose the back to injury and damaging stresses.

Acute functional problems occur when the body is pushed beyond its daily functional capabilities.

Chronic functional problems occur gradually, when daily activities don’t promote healthy function. Usually, these problems don’t cause pain or discomfort until the stress-related tissue damage builds to the point where it impedes movement.

In either case, most lower back-related functional problems occur because of poor or maladapted lower limb neuromuscular function.

There is a direct neuromuscular and biomechanical relationship between foot function and the way the legs, hips, and back function. Historically, poor foot function, commonly seen as over-pronation (collapsing arches) or over-supination (rigid high arches), has been thought to be hereditary. However, modern science has identified that the nervous system plays a critical role in stabilizing the feet and ankles when walking or running.

From a neuromuscular perspective, the brain relies on the information that it receives from the nerve endings in the soles of the feet to activate healthy muscle function in the feet, legs, hips, and back. Biomechanically, an unstable foot with a poorly functioning arch system will cause poor bone alignment and imbalanced muscle use in the legs, hips, and back. Over time, this maladapted neuromuscular function becomes the norm and is the major contributing cause of virtually all nontraumatic back pain.

It is now understood that conventional footwear use causes poor neuromuscular function throughout the feet, legs, hips, and back, when:

  • the soles of the feet don’t receive the subtle, varied stimulus that the nervous system requires for healthy function, and

  • snug toe boxes, stiff midsoles/outsoles/uppers and tight lacing restrict healthy foot movement.

To understand the relationship between footwear and lower limb pathologies, click HERE.



The best way to prevent and treat lower back pain is to re-train healthy lower limb, hip, and back neuromuscular mechanics and to use footwear that is soft, flexible, and roomier in the forefoot.

Conventional treatment methods for lower back problems and pain

Since the late 1890s, the standard treatment for poor foot mechanics that contributes to lower back problems has been to artificially support the feet with orthotics. Other conventional lower back treatment options include:

  • Compressive braces or wraps

  • Therapeutic exercise

  • Braces and belts

  • Specific soft tissue therapy

  • Manipulation

  • Massage

  • Foam rolling

Modern science has transitioned away from using long-term support and cushioning on any body part because it causes a progressive weakening of the body part being supported or cushioned.

The modern approach to treating lower back problems and pain

Science underscores the body's inherent ability to restore and improve its own function when presented with the appropriate challenges. This principle lies at the heart of contemporary therapeutic methods used to correct and enhance neuromuscular function, particularly in foot health.

Therapeutic rehabilitation, focusing on the body's natural mechanics and responses, emerges as the safest and most effective strategy for addressing the underlying causes of conditions like lower back problems, shifting the focus from temporary relief to long-term health and functionality.

Understanding the Fundamentals:

  • Proper Technique: This refers to rehabilitative exercises that concentrate on re-establishing optimal neuromuscular function. It's about reinforcing healthy mobility, muscle strength, stability, and alignment in a safe manner.

  • Right Stimulus and Right Movement: Effective movement is predicated on the quality of sensory information the brain receives, particularly from the soles of the feet. The feet's nerve endings are crucial in transmitting this data, ensuring coordinated movement throughout the musculoskeletal system. When sensory input is compromised—as is often the case with conventional footwear—the body's natural reflexes and movements can be inhibited.

Adopting the Modern Approach:

  1. Barefoot Walking: Engage in barefoot walking, particularly on natural surfaces, as frequently as feasible. This practice delivers the optimal stimulus for healthy neuromuscular function, promoting the right kind of movement.

  2. Utilization of Biopods®: Incorporate Biopods footwear or insoles into your routine. Our footwear is designed to create an ideal environment for proper foot technique, while our insoles are crafted to enhance the sensory feedback in your conventional shoes. For optimal results, use in footwear that is soft, flexible, and allows for natural movement of the arches and toes.

  3. Consultation with Healthcare Professionals: Prior injuries might have led to the formation of fibrotic scar tissue. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare practitioner about therapies that can address these issues to facilitate better foot function.


The modern approach to foot health is integrative and proactive, focusing on encouraging the body's natural ability to heal and maintain itself. It's an investment in your long-term health and wellbeing, steering away from temporary fixes and instead, fostering lasting, comprehensive foot health.

Consult with your healthcare practitioner to ask about employing soft tissue mobilization therapies to address the fibrotic scar tissue that may have formed prior to using Biopods.

For information on what to expect when using Biopods, click HERE.

Dive Deep Into The Science
For prevention and rehabilitation.

These Biopods products are best for lower back pain.

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Biopods Insoles

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* Engineered to provide the perfect blend of stimulus and freedom, our shoes are designed to promote the optimal health of your feet. 

Dive into a world where footwear isn’t just an accessory but a means of enhancing your natural foot mechanics and overall well-being.

**Designed to deliver the precise stimulus needed for healthy foot function, these insoles are your first step towards transforming conventional footwear into a platform for improved foot health. 

Note: For maximum effectiveness, pair with soft, flexible footwear that's loosely laced. Certain restrictive or heavily cushioned shoes may diminish the insoles' benefits. Consult our Footwear Guide to ensure your shoes are compatible with the Biopods philosophy of promoting foot health.

* Biopods Footwear provides the ideal stimulus to the soles of the feet and freedom of movement required for optimal foot health.

** Biopods Insoles provide the stimulus to the sole's of the feet arch area required for healthy foot function. Use the insoles in soft, flexible, loosely laced footwear for best results. 

When used in stiff, restirictive, and cushioned footwear, the insoles' effectiveness diminishes relative to the stiffness, restricitiveness, and cushioining. Some footwear design characteristics are incompatible with healthy foot function and Biopods Insoles. Please see our Footwear Guide for additional information.

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Biopods products are founded on modern therapeutic, rehabilitation, and sports training principles.

Recommended by Healthcare Professionals


I’ve reviewed the science underlying Biopods and found the product reflects the fundamental laws of biomechanical physiology and applies that in an elegant accessible way.


I’ve been in practice for 10 years in Los Angeles. I have started to move away from prescribing orthotics because of my recent experience with Biopods.


In my 35 years of practice, for even the most chronic patients, there is nothing that has made a more significant difference or stabilized my patients than Biopods.

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